A newborn horse is a foal. A mare is a female horse, and when she is pregnant she is "in foal." The young males are colts, and the females are fillies. The colt's or filly's mom is a dam, and she gives birth usually lying on her side, but occasionally can give birth standing up, at which point the foal needs support landing safely to ground. Gestation lasts about 11 months, but foaling occurs quickly, within about 20 minutes after the dam's water breaks. Within minutes, the dam will lick and nicker and squeal and fuss over her newborn foal--this is an important bonding period for the new pair. 


On July 18, 1984, in San Ysidro, California, a 41-year-old man named James Huberty walked into a McDonald's carrying a long-barreled Uzi, a pump-action shotgun, and a handgun. An Uzi is an open-bolt, blowback-operated submachine gun, with a rate of at least 500 rounds per minute. A round is a bullet. James Huberty shot and killed 21 adults and children in McDonald's that day.

A female or mother pig is a sow, and a sow is only pregnant for less than 4 months. Throughout her pregnancy, she requires more nutrients than usual, especially near the end of her pregnancy. She benefits from plenty of greens and grains, including fresh soil and roots. When she nears 3 months and 3 weeks, extra bedding is recommended for comfort--when she is ready, she will use the bedding to nest. Piglet birth is called farrowing, and can last much longer than foaling, for 2 or 3 hours. Immediately, the sow's piglets instinctively search for their mother's milk, and a healthy litter can include 8 to 12 piglets. Should a piglet have difficulty feeding, hand-rearing may be necessary to ensure proper nutrition and growth. 

On October 1, 2017, 64 year old Stephen Paddock of Mesquite Nevada spent 10 to 15 minutes firing bullets into a crowd of 22,000 country music fans. Stephen hit over 550 people, killing 58 and injuring over 500. Stephen's vantage point from the 32nd floor enhanced the capabilities of his weaponry, which included a bump stock that allowed his semi-automatic rifles to fire as fully automatic rifles, thereby increasing his number of kills. That night, Stephen chose from among 17 different rifles, mostly military-style, including four DDM4 rifles and three FN-15s.

Human pregnancy lasts about 40 weeks. A human baby in utero is called a fetus, and healthy fetal development consists of specific milestones. By 11 weeks, the baby is kicking, stretching, and even hiccuping. At 23 weeks, the baby's ears start to pick up sound more clearly and will recognize sounds she later hears after being born. In weeks 37 through 40, the baby's lungs and brain complete development, getting ready for the outside world. Upon birth, human babies cry and kick and scream and need blankets and are completely and totally helpless, relying entirely on the love and protection of their mothers and fathers.

On December 14, 2012, 20 six and seven year old children were gunned down in their elementary school classrooms by a young man named Adam Lanza, 20, using a Bushmaster XM-15, a popular line of AR-15 semi-automatic rifles--manufacturer's retail price, $739.00. Adam and his XM-15 also took down six adults, elementary school teachers and staff. Later, Adam's mother, Nancy, was found dead from a gunshot wound. Sandy Hook Elementary is located in Newtown, Connecticut. The Connecticut Department of Education core curriculum for first graders includes the "Listening Strand-- Fables and Stories," working towards "identifying words and phrases in stories or poems that suggest feelings or appeal to the senses." First grade standards encourage "asking questions to clear up any confusion about the topics and texts under discussion," and promote "identifying real-life connections between words and their use," by "distinguishing shades of meaning among verbs differing in manner by defining or choosing them or by acting out the meanings." Second graders' common core standards include lessons about "Newspaper Reporting," "Dr. Martin Luther King," and "Cycles in Nature."

My son is 5 months old today.